Handbook of the Orphan Ministry
at the LBS Mwika (HUYAMWI)
paper 1: Overview of different measures
Released 23.1.04 – Author: Rev. Dr. Martin Burkhardt
Summary: From these measures the orphan will not get any financial help, but he will realize, that he /she is not lost, but remembered by the society. This will produce hope and confidence.
Justice: no problem, because all orphans are beneficiaries.
Costs: cheap - food for seminars, office expenses
Staff: Most work can be done by volunteers .
Criteria of selection: economic situation. Number and age of children taken care of, number and quality of resources like fields, livestock etc. ability of the caretaker to handle the situation.
Justice: If really the most needy are served this measure may be just.
Side-effects: The danger is to create dependency on external help, destroying the ability to handle the situation without external help.
Costs: specific sum for each orphan yearly or monthly.
Staff requirements:: trained workers are needed especially in the area of social work.
Criteria of selection: ability and readiness of the orphan to run the project, availability of minimum resources like fields, water, the market for the products etc.
Justice: As only selected orphans can participate in this kind of program, there is lack of justice.
Costs: In the beginning there is a lot of money needed to start the different projects (starting capital), but with good luck using a pyramid system it will run itself (sustainable), leading to financial independence. Risk of losing the money by bad management, casualities. etc.
Staff: Trained workers are needed to teach and to supervise this kind of program, especially those who have the knowledge of proper calculation and bookkeeping.
Criteria of selection : the ability to be successful in a certain school or in a certain business.
Justice: As this type of help is going on for a long period of time (four years and longer) and it is very costly it is very unjust, because only a few are going to be selected. But for sake of the whole country we have to develop the qualified leaders of tomorrow
Costs: very expensive, high risks that a student will fail his/her goal of education
Staff requirements:: highly qualified staff, with good communication facilities and the ability for a good fund management.
Of course you can apply all these measures at the same time, but they are depending on each other. So we can talk of steps linked with each category of measures (I – IV).
Without proper information you can not act. So information is needed first before undertaking any action or planning. Also the society must be aware of this kind of information, because you will loose a lot of energy and resources if you are swimming against the tide.
Before doing any other work with the orphans you have to take care of their basic needs and rights, e.g food, shelter, basic education, clothing, a secure place to stay, love and care. Without the fulfilment of these basic needs, it will be not possible to succeed in step 3 and 4.
If you provide only help without addressing and mobilising the own responsibility and abilities of the receiver, the receiver will be spoilt for life and all help will be useless, especially providing a long and expensive education.
The type of higher education available is not preparing the young people to be successful in life, only knowledge is delivered.
However for a nation to survive higher educated people are necessary. Therefore we have to look for talented orphans to provide a higher education for them.
For each measure we need trained and qualified workers (especially II-IV)