of the Orphan Ministry
at the LBS Mwika (HUYAMWI)
paper 3: a balanced scholarship-program
Released 23.2.03 – Author: Rev. Dr. Martin
Different levels of our scholarship program
Level 1: Taking part in seminars, counselling or general measures for all
ophans (General level)
Level 2: Receiving special help and
Financial help to go to pre- and primary-education
Support for the family of the
applicant (Food, Repair etc)
Level 3: Being part of our trainee
Working as trainee in a
congregation, at an enterprise or
at LBS Mwika
Being a member of a self-helpgroup and
starting a small project.
Level 4: being sponsored
for secondary education
Government Secondary school 1-4
Private secondary school (preferred Technical Secondary
Vocational Training Centre
Level 5: Postgraduate level
Continuing with further education (
form 5 and 6 or another Training
Getting help to start her/his own business
Getting help to get a job.
Criteria to be selected into the program at different levels.
The child needs to be identified as
Lost one or both parents
Age 0-18 years
It must belong to one of the most
Who have died? Prioritising in this
order: both / father/ mother
The number and age of all the children
in the present nucleus family: Prioritising in this order: many small children
before few already grown up children.
The resources available for the
nucleus-family, like fields, livestock etc.
By taking part in our trainee –program
the applicant must show
Readiness to work and to learn
Interest in the area of work he /she
has been given.
Meet the standard requirements to
enter secondary –education
A finished primary education
Either the applicant was selected by
the government or he/she passed the entry test of a private school
Show extraordinary results at the end of the planed education period ( form 4 or
vocational training centre)
The cost to sponsor one orphan at
different levels per year
General level: 2-5 Euros
Taking part in 1-2 seminars a year
Providing the facility to get
counselling in different area
Support level 10-50 Euros
At the moment we don’t have enough experience to estimate this
kind of help. A scholarship for
pre-school-education is about 10 –15 Euros, Support for stationeries, uniforms
etc is about 20 Euros a year. Depending on the economic situation of the family
other help is needed, like food, clothes, medical care.
Trainee in a congregation, enterprise,
Self- helpgroup 50-100 Euro
Governmental school : 150-200 Euro
Private school : 400 – 500 Euro
Postgraduate Level 400- 500 Euro
Demographic Data of the Different Levels.
Our research from September 2003 shows,
that about 20 % of the orphans are in the age where they might receive secondary education 80 % are in
preschool or primary-school.
This probably due to the fact the preschool
and primary school includes about 11 years (3-14), where as the years of
secondary education are only 4 years (15 to 18), in percentage figures. 73% to
So far we have almost no data about the
age-group 0-3 and also no data about the needs in this particular group.
General level 100% = agegroup 0-18
Support level 80% = agegroup 3-14
level/postgraduate –level 20 % = agegroup 15-18
The Problem of
distributing scholarship to different levels.
Two models of justice
To give everybody the same (equality)
For example: Every orphan has the right to
finish primary education. We have some basic rights which we must
preserve for every orphan: like primary education, food, clothing,
shelter, guidance etc.
However our intensity of interaction will
be different. So we help for food only, where there orphan and his/her family
has no possibility to produce their food themselves. Or not all orphans need counselling or guidance.
To give everybody, what he/she
For example An orphan may choose the
way of education, which will help him/ her to be most successful in live,
either secondary-school or a vocational training centre.
Facts we have to consider, if we are
distributing scholarship to the different levels
The number of orphans is different on each level ( 80% in the
support level, 20 % in the higher level starting with the age of 15) We can
talk of pyramid.
The cost to sponsor one orphan at each level is different. It is s
cheaper to sponsor orphans on the support level then on the higher levels. We
can talk of a pyramid staying on its top
We see this pyramid clearly if we distribute the same amount of money on
For example 1000 Euro per level / number of
orphans being reached 500 / Total 5000 Euro/ average 10 Euro per orphan.
General level: 200-500 orphans reached
Support level: 20-100 orphans reached
Trainee level 4 orphans reached (trainee)
10 orphans in a self-help groups
Secondary education –level 2 orphans reached
Postgraduate-level: 2 orphans reached.
Summary: The highest level of scholarship is
much more expensive than a lower level. Or with the same amount of money you
can help much more orphans on a
lower level. This means, that you have to reduce those who receive help, if they
are growing up
We need to balance the distribution on
each level in order to avoid a luck of continuity
For example, if you sponsor two many
orphans at the secondary level neglecting the support level, you will
afterwards fail to get qualified applicants for your program, because without
support there will be not enough qualified orphans to enter the secondary
Vice versa. If you don’t provide enough
scholarships for the secondary school or a vocational training centre, many
orphans will have only primary education without the possibility for further
So we need to keep the balance between
supporting the different levels in order to keep a proper flow of education.
We need to consider, how many orphans
in a agegroup/ at a certain level need our help to keep on going in their
process of education.
At the moment we have no proper data about
the support level (age 3- 14). But We estimate that between 10% - 50 % need
some help according to the criteria you may use to define a needy orphan.
For all upper lever of education we
estimate, that almost 100% need some help to continue, because even for normal
family it is quite hard to provide education after primary-education for their
Models of distributing money to the levels
model 1 : all orphans are supported
Sample Congregation with 100 Orphans, Total
8600 Euro, average 86 Euro per child.
All receive help on the general level
200 Euro. (2 Euro given for each child)
80 % are in the support level (preschool and primary school)
2400 Euro ( given 30 Euro for each
10 % are at trainee level : 2000 Euro (given 200 Euro for
10 % are at secondary or postgraduate
level: 4000 Euro (given 400 Euro for each child
Summary: Considering the different strength of the age-groups, the number of orphans, who need care in the secondary
level is less big, than the number
of orphans in the support level. This means if the numbers of orphans in the
different levels are balanced according to the strength of the different
age-groups, there will not be a real reduction of beneficiaries.
However if we estimate the costs for all
50.000 Orphans of our area, we will
get roughly 50000 x 86 Euro = 4,3 Mio Euro per year.
Model 2 : selected orphans are
Sample Congregation with 100 Orphans,
25% Orphans are reached only at
level 2; 50% on level 3-5, Total
3800 Euro: average per orphan 38
Euro (considering all orphans), 90
Euro (considering the selected 40 orphans only)
100 orphans receive help on the
general level 200 Euro (2 Euro for each Child).
20 orphans are in the
support level (preschool and primary school) 600 Euro ( given 30 Euro for each child)
5 orphans are at
trainee level : 1000 Euro (given 200 Euro for each child)
5 orphans are at secondary or postgraduate level: 2000
Euro (given 400 Euro for each child)
will so far not be able to reach all orphans, therefore we have to make a
selection. However for the level 3 and 5 we have good figures,
because the most family of orphans have no chance to give them any further
education. And we can calculate the costs of this education easily.
For level 2, we have so far no yet enough
data, how many orphans need which kind of help. However the support given may
be more like a sign of comfort, than to cover really all the felt needs.
Conclusions for our scholarship-program
We have to provide scholarships on all
levels in order that as many orphans as possible get a good education and enter
successfully in the process of earning money.
The money spent on each level must be
balanced with the demographic data of each age-group, in order to avoid that
orphans can be no longer supported due to a lack of money.
The situation and the needs of each
applicant must be evaluated before entering a new level of scholarship
according to the requirements of each level.
We need more experience about the
needs at the support level. How many orphans need, what kind of help. Therefore
we have started a research to evaluate the situation of orphans in our pilot